Anma/Amma is a part of the Chinese medical system. anma/amma is strictly physical manipulation massage (based on ancient touch principles like acupressure, massage, and reflexology).
Anma/Amma follows the Chinese meridian theory where energy flows through the body along recognized meridians. Illness is a sign that energy flow is less than optimal or blocked in one or more meridians. Stimulating certain points along these meridians regulates energy flow.
Anma/Amma massage dates back 4,000 years to ancient Chinese medicine. Anma/Amma means "push-pull." It is probably the earliest version of massage that led to (or is part of) tuina in Chinese medicine. Amma is the Korean version, based on the same techniques, and does not differ substantially from the Chinese version, anma.
Treatment involves two components: the stimulation of the appropriate acu-points along the energy meridians to achieve either an increase or a decrease in the energy flow and massage to affect the muscular condition in an area.
Acu-point stimulation is usually achieved through direct pressure, although massage techniques may also be used. The massage uses a variety of manual techniques — various forms of pushing, pulling, kneading, tapping, percussive motions, and friction techniques, either in isolation or in combination.
Anma/Amma massage is a whole-body treatment that can address multiple conditions. It can also stimulate and relax the musculoskeletal system; increase energy flow and local blood circulation; and relax, release, or tone muscle and fascial condition.
A level of training that includes every competency component needed to safely and appropriately apply the treatment.
An additional treatment that first requires the practitioners to be trained in an appropriate related discipline.